Bananas are divided into several types:
- Bananas are eaten without cooking the fruit M. paradisiacal vary Sapient, M. nana or also known as M. Cavendish, M. saneness. For example bananas, milk, king, Cavendish, brainpan.
- Bananas are eaten after cooked fruit is M. paradisiacal forma typical or called M. paradisiacal normalizes. For example, banana jackfruit, horn and kapok.
- Bananas have seeds that M. brachycarpa the leaves used in Indonesia. For example, bananas and klutuk stone.
- Bananas are taken such as banana fiber manila (abaca).
Bananas are a very nutritious fruit that is a source of vitamins, minerals and also carbohydrates. Banana used as table fruit, sale banana, mashed banana and banana flour. Banana peels can be used to make the vinegar through the process alcoholic fermentation and acetic acid. As with banana leaves used packer. Abaca stems processed into fiber for clothing, paper etc... Banana stems who had a small cut and banana leaves can be used as animal feed ruminants (sheep, goats) during the dry season when the grass no / less available. Traditionally, water kapok banana stem tubers used as a remedy dysentery colon and bleeding while the water is used as a remedy banana stems urinary pain and detoxification.
Almost in every place can be easily found banana plants. It is not known exactly how extensive banana plantations in Indonesia. Although Indonesia is one such tropical country are supplying banana fresh / dried to Japan, Hong Kong, China, Singapore, Arabia, Australia, the State Netherlands, the United States and France. The highest export value in 1997 is to China.
Spacing is wide enough so that the banana plants in the first three months allows use intercropping cropping / crop aisle between banana plants. Crop intercropping / alley can be vegetables or seasonal crops. In most of the banana plantations in the region of high rainfall, bananas grown together with crops of coffee, cocoa, coconut and areca nuts. In western India, bananas for export planted permanently with coconut.
Heart bananas that have been within 25 cm of the last pieces to be cut comb that fruit growth was not inhibited. After expanding banana comb perfect, bunches of bananas wrapped in a clear plastic bag. Bag polyethylene with a thickness of 0.5 mm diameter holes were 1.25 cm. Distance of each hole 7.5 cm. Bag size is such that cover 15-45 cm above the top of the comb base and 25 cm below comb bottom end of the fruit. To keep the plant does not fall due weight of bunches, bamboo stalk is supported by the embedded as deep as 30 cm into the ground.